විශ්මයාර්ථ පද - 206

"අධ්‍යාපනය" යාවජීව මෙන් ම,
යාවනිබ්බාන ක්‍රියාවලියකි.
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Vishmayartha Pada - විශ්මයාර්ථ පද - Interjections. 

[මෙම පාඩම පසුව සිංහලට පරිවර්තනය කර, පළ කරනු ඇත!] 
{This Lesson would be translated into Sinhalese & published later!}

There are many interjections. Some are rarely used nowadays, but are found in books, such as:

Alas! = Expressing sorrow.

Fie! = For shame!

Hark! = Listen!

Lo! = Look!

Pooh! = Nonsense!

Tush! = Nonsense!

Any word or phrase used as a sudden exclamation can be called an interjection. And most of them are shortened sentences. Thus:—

Well done! = You have done well.

Welcome! = We are glad to see you.

Oh dear me! = What a troublesome thing! or What am I to do?

Dear! / Oh dear! / Dearie me! /  Good grief! /  Lordy! = Expressing pity, shock, dismay, disappointment, sympathy, etc.

Off you go! = Go away! ["You can leave now - Go! - Move! - You're done - You're all set."]

Out with you! =  Go out!

For shame! = You ought to be ashamed of yourself.

Not a bit of it! = It is not so at all.

Good grief! = Expressing surprise.

Lordy! = Expressing surprise or strength.

Hullo! = Expressing surprise.

My hat! = Expressing surprise.

My word! = Expressing surprise.

My Goodness = Expressing surprise etc.

(My) Gosh! = Expressing surprise.

My foot! = Expressing disagreement or disbelief.

Quick! = Be quick.

No you don’t! = You must not do that.

Steady! = Be careful.

Hold on! = Wait a moment.

Go it! = Inciting someone.

Hang it all! = Expressing annoyance.

English is full of bright and amusing interjections, which have to be learnt in actual conversation.

To be sure! / Sure! = Expressing agreement.

Bother! =  Expressing annoyance.

Get along with you! = Don’t tell such fibs. (Fib a mild word for lie.)

Look out! = Take care.

There are many expressions in which the name of some deity is called upon. They are called oaths, and are really interjections expressing sincerity or strong feeling, as : —

By Jove!
By Gad!
O Lord!
God!
Oh God!
Mother of God!
Holy Mother!
Good heavens!
Jesus!
Christ!
Jesus gracious!
My God!

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